Top 10 Deadliest Human Stampedes

Top 10 Deadliest Human Stampedes


Crowds at sports, concerts and religious events
can range from the hundreds to the tens of thousands. All it takes is a wave of pandemonium to rush
through a crowd for a terrifying stampede to occur. And all it takes is poor planning on the part
of event coordinators for a stampede to claim the lives of innocent bystanders. It doesn’t matter where you are — deadly
human stampedes can occur anywhere where mass groups of people congregate, as our worldwide
list shows. 10. The Lima Peru Stampede This tragedy occurred at the National Stadium
in Lima, Peru in 1964. Fans were there to watch Argentina and Peru
compete in an Olympic soccer qualifying match, where Peru would ultimately be beaten by Argentina
on their own turf. The drama began just two minutes before the
end of the game when a referee disallowed a Peruvian goal that could have cemented a
victory for the home side. After the referee’s decision the stadium
went insane. Fights broke out, and fans looking to exit
the arena were stuck. Many bodies were found in the exits of the
stadium, as those poor fans had hoped to remove themselves from the rush of violence. Terrible crowd and panic control measure decisions
made by stadium officials exacerbated the situation and a terrible stampeded killed
at least 300 fans and injured another 500 people. 9. The Hajj Stampede The hajj is the Muslim practice of taking
a pilgrimage to Mecca. Unfortunately, hajj stampedes have occurred
throughout history, resulting in thousands of deaths over the centuries. In 1990 a deadly stampede took the lives of
1,426 people, while in February 2004, 244 Muslim pilgrims were killed in stampedes on
their way to Mecca. Most recently a stampede in 2006 took place
during the last day of a historic ritual where devotees walk in droves past al-Jamarat, three
stonewalls with religious symbolism. Bags of luggage fell from nearby buses, tripping
pilgrims as others rushed forward. These tragic events are exacerbated by both
the amount of people who attend the hajj every year as well as the poor state of the roads
they follow on the way to Mecca. 8. The Ultra Arena Stampede In 2006, a stampede at a Filipino game show
took over 70 lives. The Ultra Arena in Manila, now known as the
Philsports Arena, was the site of the death of people who were trying to take part in
the anniversary taping of a popular afternoon game show called “Wowowee.” As potential contestants entered the Arena
an estimated 30,000 people pushed and shoved their way through the entrance, ultimately
resulting in 73 deaths. Fans were there because the game show was
known for giving away as much as two million Philippine dollars a day. Narrow exits, the absence of emergency exit
plans and poor contingency plans were blamed for the stampede. Network executives for the game show were
found liable for the tragedy. 7. The Station Nightclub Fire Stampede A 2003 stampede in New Jersey’s Station
Nightclub resulted in the deaths of 96 people and the injury of 187. It was the result of a raging fire caused
by the pyrotechnic light show of the rock band Great White. The fire and subsequent stampede is considered
to be the deadliest in American history. The fire began when pyrotechnic cones were
lit on stage — a shower of white flame from the cones ignited foam sound-proofing materials
that were on the nearby walls. The fire immediately engulfed people, while
other deaths resulted via stampede when people tried to use any means possible to escape
the venue, including jumping out of windows. The tragedy was also aided by the smoke that
quickly flooded the room, blinding people and blocking the exit signs. 6. The Chamunda Devi Stampede A 2008 stampede that claimed almost 200 lives
took place at the Chamunda Devi Temple in India. Located at the top of a hill in Jodhupur,
the temple attracts thousands of devotees celebrating the Navaratri festival. Early one morning some of the visitors began
slipping down a slope on the hilltop, triggering the deadly stampede. The victims were mostly men, because the stampede
occurred in the male portion of two parallel barricades that had been set up on the slope
to allow people to walk up and down the hill. At the time this stampede was seen by many
as being the worst temple stampede in history. 5. The 1913 Italian Hall Stampede This deadly stampede at the Italian Hall in
what’s now called Calumet City, Michigan took place on Christmas Eve. Copper miners congregated to continue a strike
that had been going since the summer. The miners and their families were singing
songs and exchanging presents when a stranger suddenly came into the hall and yelled “Fire!” The crowd of around 700 people immediately
rushed towards a steep staircase hoping to escape. Sadly, someone fell, triggering a chain-reaction
that blocked the stairwell — the building’s only exit. Though no fire actually existed at least 73
people were killed. No one knows who the instigator was, but the
assumption is that he was a strikebreaker. 4. The Baghdad Stampede The 2005 Baghdad Bridge Stampede took the
lives of almost a thousand Iraqis, making it one of the worst stampedes in modern history. This death toll is believed to be the largest
loss of life since the beginning of the United States-led invasion of the country. Hundreds of thousands of Shiites were marching
to a religious festival, and had to cross a river bridge in Northern Baghdad. Word soon got out of a supposed suicide bomber
and people start panicking, having already been put on edge by militants firing rockets
at a nearby Shiite shrine earlier in the day.People quickly tried to exit in all directions — most
of the deaths were caused by people on the bridge either suffocating or being crushed
to death, but others drowned after jumping or falling into the Tigris River. 3. The Hillsborough Stadium Stampede Dubbed Britain’s worst sports disaster,
this 1989 stampede resulted in the death of 93 soccer fans and the injury of over 200
more. The tragic match took place at Hillsborough
Stadium in Sheffield, where the FA Cup semi-finals were occurring between Liverpool and Nottingham
Forest (LINK 16). The problems started when local police decided
to open the stadium gates in order to alleviate some of the crowding occurring outside of
the stadium. When the gates opened a mass of people entered
the already full terrace and pushed forward, crushing people already in the stadium up
against the wire-topped safety fences. The riot control fences trapped people, resulting
in a crush of bodies. Because of recently introduced measures to
keep the fans of rival teams apart, there was no way for people to escape the section. Blame for the incident has been put on the
police, as well as the arena for improper ticket allocation. 2. The Victoria Hall Stampede This horrible 1883 stampede took the lives
of over 180 children in Britain. Victoria Hall was where a local variety show
promised to provide “the greatest treat for children ever given.” They also promised that every child in attendance
would receive free toys — children immediately began rushing into the aisles, blocking the
exits and toppling over one another in an attempt to get the toys. Though reports remain unclear, it seems that
the doorways at the base of the exit were bolted shut. This tragedy inspired the creation of the
push bar emergency exit. 1. The Phnom Penh Stampede This 2010 stampede in Phnom Penh, Cambodia
that took the lives of over 450 people has been called the country’s worst tragedy
since the rule of the Khmer Rouge. It occurred on a bridge, where huge crowds
of people were crossing in order to go to an island where a large annual water festival
was taking place. The suspension bridge went way over capacity,
and people didn’t realize that suspension bridges were prone to swaying in the wind
under stress. This swaying is believed to have fueled the
panic that caused the stampede. People were trapped and trampled underfoot
by those trying to escape. Others drowned because they jumped or were
pushed off of the bridge, and some were even electrocuted when the chaos jarred wires loose.

57 comments

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  2. There was no stampede at Hillsborough.ย  Nobody was observed running.ย The disaster was entirely caused by poor stadium design and crowd management.ย  Please correct this.

  3. ๐Ÿ” I'm like a smart person I know the biggest words believe me I'm a very stable genius I'm the chosen one

  4. Came here to see if the Phnom Penh stamped was mentioned, surprised to find it at #1. The government to this day denies that anyone was electrocuted! Very Sad.

  5. The Station nightclub was in Rhode Island, not Jersey. It even says it in one of the newspaper headlines you have on screen.

  6. Nothing for the people stampeding.. as if they don't have control over their own bodies and sentient minds? Should we just view them like cattle to free them of their responsibility? Crushing your fellow human to see a football game or game show event? Despicable.

  7. The Brain Food team is great at gathering relevant information. Have you guys considered a channel called "Econographics" in which you'd present facts about the economics of everyday things, e.g. an YouTube channel, a makers space, battery recycling stations etc? Cheers!

  8. man your voice is a drag because of the repetitiveness. Modulate it in post and add sfx at specific points to make it stay. Right now its the audio version of a wall of text. There's no visual or auditory experience which for a primarily visual medium makes the entire thing BORING. The content is great, execution needs some major tweaking. Tell a story don't read a menu.

  9. I was at a punk rock show. Me and another guy fell in the pit. I got picked up and I really hope the other guy is alright. There was 20K people at an outdoor show, it was dark out and he was wearing all black, hoodie and all. I tried, but I couldn't stop 1000 people moshing on my own. There was nothing about a dead person on any news feeds… so I'd like to think he's alright.

  10. You said "New Jersey Station Nightclub" but I saw no reference to "New Jersey" in the name of the club when I Googled it.

  11. 2 million Philippine Pesos (PHP), not dollars. 1 USD = 50 PHP
    The Ultra Stampede was, according to the investigators at that time, due to the poor design (downward slope) of the stadium entrance. From what I recall, a crew member announced a cutoff since the venue is already almost full so people who are outside the venue started pushing to force themselves inside.

  12. You can work out how much this list maker values life from different countries. 97 from UK are more important than a 1000 Iraqis, for example.

  13. By comparison the last"Love parade" in Germany was relatively harmless with only 16 dead. The trial was complicated and I can't remember who was found guilty in the end. But it is still remembered as tragedy here.

  14. RELIGION seems to have a huge impact on these events. Atheists don't generally get trampled unless they're soccer fans. ๐Ÿ˜‰

  15. Iโ€™m from the northwest uk and hills borough is something we will never forget and the families victims are still going to court for to this day, it took years to get the police to admit they messed up big time and the sun newspaper is hated by many in the northwest and people refuse to buy it due to the lies said in the paper and their pathetic excuse of an apology

  16. The Hillsborough Disaster was unquestionably one of the most horrific sporting disasters of all time. 96 Men, Women and Children turned up at an FA Cup Semi Final only to find themselves crushed to death by terrible crowd control by the South Yorkshire Police. What made things worse was the fact that the authorities tried to blame the fans for their own deaths (not helped by a certain tabloid newspaper fabricating a storyline, days after the disaster, that made monstrous accusations against the Liverpool fans, saying that fans "pick pocketed the dead," "urinated on paramedics giving the kiss of life," and "being consumed with alcohol,") it took far longer than it should have done to get to the truth, nearly 30 years. Thankfully, the Hillsborough Independent Panel, published in 2012, opened the door for the truth to be told and the initial accidental death verdicts to be overturned. All that's left now is to have the police officers responsible for the decision making, most notably the match day commander Chief Superintendent David Duckenfield, face justice

  17. Personally, I think Carl Prinzlerโ€™s panic bar was a better invention than Robert Alexander Briggsโ€™ panic bolt. Prinzler invented his device after the Iroquois Theatre Fire.

  18. I was attending Donnington Park Rock Festival in 1988. During Guns & Roses set 2 people were crushed to death near the stage. My friend,who was a big bloke, plucked me out of the crowd as everyone surged forward. It was a horrendous experience. We were about 6ft away from where it happened. Nothing, however, compared to this list. How awful. R. I. P. To the many. X

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