Today we’re going to be taking apart the Galaxy
S20 Ultra and see what the crazy space zoom camera looks like from the inside. This video
is sponsored by my own self. I went and asked myself if I would like to sponsor a video.
And I was like, ‘Hey self, do you want to sponsor a video?’ And then I was like, ‘Yeah
I do.’ So here we are with the brand new lineup of
Teardown skins. The skins that let you see all the magic inside of your phone without
actually taking it apart. You might be thinking to yourself, ‘Hey Jerry, isn’t that just a
sticker?’ And yeah, maybe it is. But it’s also something much more…deeper….significant…it
means something. If any of us ever left the house, it could very well be the fashion statement
of our generation. On the off chance you ever do have to go speak to someone and needed
a conversation starter, you could be like, ‘Look at this circuit board.’ And it’s a 50/50
shot that the conversation’s either going to be over real quick or you’ve met someone
cool, which I see as a total win. We cover most of the main stream smartphones,
flagships and budget phones, along with MacBooks and the Nintendo Switch. So if you want any
of your devices to look like they’re falling apart, I got the link down in the description.
And thanks to my own self for sponsoring this video. ‘You’re welcome.’ ‘Aw, thanks, you’re
the best.’ ‘Nah, you!’ Now let’s see what this S20 Ultra has under
the hood in three dimensions instead of just two. Let’s get started. [Intro] Does 5G even exist? Well, yes, but also no.
We’ll learn more about this as we delve inside the brand new S20 Ultra 5G. The latest and
greatest from Samsung. The front screen is flat this time around, but the back panel
is still as curvy as ever. I can take my heat gun and razor blade and slice between the
glass panel and the metal frame of the phone. Now, purely for educational purposes and definitely
not on accident, I’m going to show what happens if you round the corner with too much pressure.
Using a hotplate or vacuum separator tool would probably make this removal a bit easier.
Luckily replacement back glass panels are usually around $20-30 so it’s not a big deal
if it does crack. I’ll keep the phone just barely too hot to touch so the waterproofing
adhesive stays soft underneath the glass. And finally, after a lot of gentle slicing,
the back panel can come away from the phone. You can see the holes through the camera lens
here. The only connection that’s on the back of the glass panel is actually for the little
microphone. It’s up here between the flash and the top camera. It has 4 little circular
contact pads that allow the microphone to communicate with the body of the S20 Ultra. Speaking of which, the S20 Ultra body does
have a wireless charging pad installed. It can wirelessly charge at 15 watts and reverse
wireless charge other devices at 9 watts. Pretty cool little trick. I’ll remove the
5 screws surrounding the top silver plate that covers all the ribbon cable connectors.
I’ll set that off to the side next to the screws I took out so I can keep everything
organized. Then I’ll unplug the battery with my plastic pry tool. It just unsnaps like
a little Lego. I can uncover the rest of the motherboard by removing 4 more Phillips head
screws that hold down the top antenna plastics. Notice there’s a rectangular void in the plastic.
There’s something missing here, but I’ll come back to it in just a second. There are 5 screws holding down the bottom
loudspeaker assembly. The speaker plastic has the normal contact pads for communicating
and a little red sticker covering the small balls inside of the speaker housing. Remember,
these little guys help the speaker sound larger than it actually is by making the air move
around the balls inside of the housing. It’s a cute little technology. Coming up here to the top of the phone, I’ll
pop out the SIM and SD card tray. This guy can handle an additional terabyte of storage.
Before we get to the cameras there’s a few more things I need to take out. First of all
these extension ribbons that connect the main board to the charging port board. Each end
disconnects like a little Lego. Then I can set them off to the side. The charging port
board itself has 3 screws holding it in place. Once these are removed the whole board can
come away from the phone. It is replaceable this time which is a good thing, and pretty
simple to take out. Samsung also included some extra red rubber underneath the charging
port. And also down here at the bottom of the phone there is the little square vibrator
motor. Now for the cameras. Samsung has done some
new stuff this time around with the cameras. They’re all still connected inside of the
same metal housing, and in order to remove them the whole motherboard needs to come away
from the frame. It’s a double stacked motherboard just like we’ve seen inside of the iPhone
and the Note 10 previously. And it’s super thick. There is no thermal paste on the back
this time around which is strange. Normally we see that in high end flagships. Each of
the camera units has their own Lego-style connector. Three of them are plugged into
the backside of the motherboard. And then the depth camera is the only one plugged into
the front side. The top camera is a 12 megapixel ultra wide
angle camera with no OIS. The middle camera is the 108 megapixel main camera which does
have optical image stabilization. We have the depth camera here on the side without
any OIS. And then the periscope 100x space zoom camera down here at the bottom which
supposedly has OIS with it’s 10x hybrid zoom. Now it’s time to get inside the periscope
camera because that seems like a fun activity. All of the cameras are permanently built together
with a metal surrounding frame so that the phone can seamlessly transition between the
4 different sensors without them looking out of place or being in a different position.
Obviously the cameras are not meant to come apart, but with enough aggressive persuasion
I can get that 100x space zoom camera to fall out of the frame, which starts showing us
some pretty cool stuff. We first saw this technology inside of the
P30 Pro a year ago, but Samsung has taken that periscope zoom hardware to the next level.
Notice these copper coils. I’ll come back to these in a second. This time around Samsung
has a mechanical zoom inside that can physically move just like a professional DSLR lens. At
the bottom end of the camera we have the sensor which is sitting perpendicular to the back
of the phone. This is a 48 megapixel sensor and you can see that whatever light I shine
through the lens gets bounced off at a 90% angle. This is how the sensor sees things
outside of the phone, like a periscope in a submarine. You’ll also notice that the prism,
or the portion that reflects the light, is optically stabilized. The copper electromagnetic
coils at the bottom, and the 2 circular coils next to it control the prism stabilization.
The other 2 coils on the side control the center lens movement back and forth. This
one camera has 5 electromagnets inside which is kind of mind boggling. We’ve come a long
way in just one year. Technology progresses super fast. Now, don’t get me wrong. This is a fantastic
piece of hardware, but I feel like the 100x space zoom commercials that Samsung gave us
hyping this up, are very much different than the actual zoomed in images that we get out
of the camera. So definitely go watch a few videos on the actual camera quality before
buying into the hype. It’s better to have realistic expectations. Samsung’s advertising
isn’t as realistic as it used to be. The front camera is glued into place for some reason.
This is a 40 megapixel selfie camera with no optical image stabilization. And then once
again like we saw on the Note 10 Plus, we have the top stereo speaker here positioned
a bit farther into the phone body instead of up at the top. The sound from the speaker
goes through this channel before exiting out through the small earpiece slit up at the
top. It was interesting to see that there was no thermal paste or foam on the back of
the motherboard. Even the Note 10 and the Galaxy S10 both had foam on the back of the
motherboard for heat dissipation. We’ll have to see if there’s any thermal issues with
this phone as time goes on. There is a vapor chamber cooling system inside.
Once that’s pulled out I can slice it open to see the liquid inside of the actual chamber.
And we can definitely see the liquid droplets before they evaporate. I’ll slice it open
a bit more so we can watch these liquid dots disappear again. The vapor chamber works by
the processor sitting on one side and getting hot, vaporizing the liquid, which then heads
to the opposite end of the chamber, cools down and gets wicked back through the center
through some sweet capillary action from these copper wire strands. Also some pretty neat
technology. But it’s still pretty strange there isn’t more of a solid thermal connection
between the motherboard and the copper. Normally on premium flagships like this we see something
connecting the two. One thing that’s really important to remember,
whether you’re buying cars, computers or cellphones, is the price to performance ratio. You can
get 90% of the performance at 70% of the price just by getting a phone that was released
a few months ago. Getting that last 10% on top of the line performance, like on this
S20 Ultra, is very expensive. The part that’s increased the price of this phone the most
through is probably 5G. I’ll talk about that more in a second. First, let’s get this battery
out. Samsung is notorious for permanently gluing
their batteries into place. There’s enough glue in here to stick an elephant to the ceiling.
And this S20 is in fact a bit worse than usual. The battery glue is so strong it bent my metal
pry tool at a 90 degree angle, which is pretty dangerous. But don’t worry Samsung, I have
more. The problem with glued in batteries is that
it makes the phone very difficult and dangerous to repair and also recycle at the end of its
lifespan – which for phones is relatively short. If I accidentally puncture the surface
of this battery it could start on fire. I can use a bit of alcohol to soften the adhesive
under the battery. But most smart smartphone manufacturers just use easy battery pull tabs.
I’ll warm up the adhesive a little bit, use my suction cup, which also damages the battery.
But finally we are able to see some movement. And this is pretty excessive. The battery
is held in place with a spiderweb of slime. It is a 5000 milliamp hour which is pretty
powerful. Finally we get our first look at the underscreen
ultrasonic fingerprint scanner placement. You can see the outline of the rectangle underneath
the glass which reads your fingerprint through the AMOLED display layer. Since the LED pixels
don’t have a back light behind them, the screen is semi-transparent. Once again, top of the
line technology at a premium price. One of the most expensive things inside this phone
though is the 5G. If you remember, the Note 10 Plus 5G version was $200 more expensive
than the regular Note 10 Plus. And with the S20 line, Samsung has made that 5G upgrade
mandatory and is just billing everyone extra for it. Don’t get me wrong, 5G is going to
be really cool in a few years, but it’s not here yet. Even Samsung knows this. This particular
device I’ve been taking apart is the Korean version of the S20 Ultra 5G. And Samsung didn’t
even include the 5G millimeter wave antennas inside of this 5G phone because Korea doesn’t
have the millimeter wave 5G infrastructure. You can see the antennas I’m talking about
promoted in Samsung’s own promotional video and here on iFixit’s teardown of a US model.
And you can see the 5G clearly written on my box, but Samsung can still get away with
not including the antennas because the network doesn’t exist in Korea. The millimeter wave 5G technology is also
almost nonexistent in the USA as well. It’s just in a few major cities right now and only
covers a few blocks where it is installed. There are 2 types of 5G: low band 5G, which
the major carriers are currently rolling out. And it is indeed faster than 4G. But the insane
millimeter wave speeds will never really make it out of the major cities that’s even if
it ever gets installed. It’s not here yet. Long story short, we should thank everyone
who is buying this phone now though because they are paying that premium tax and subsidizing
5G millimeter wave for the rest of us in the future. They are the early adopters even though
no one can use it. Buying a 5G phone that doesn’t come with 5G hardware has got to be
rough news if you’re in Korea. Phone companies and carriers are talking about 5G like it’s
the next gigantic leap for mankind and that it’s here everywhere already. But it’s really
not. The only gigantic leap that’s being taken is with your wallet…at least for 2020…and
probably 2021. We’ll see what happens after that. Turning the phone on, everything is working
except for that camera we destroyed. It looks like when one camera is broken, they all stop
working. Either way, it’s been a fun phone to take apart. What do you think of this whole
5G situation? Personally, I’ll probably hold off for a few more years till the 5G infrastructure
is more widespread. The midband 5G and millimeter wave 5G are the ones we should be paying attention
to. They’ll have the biggest improvements over 4G. Everyone is different though, so
let me know what you think down in the comments. If you like seeing the inside of technology
without the risk of opening your own stuff up, there’s always the Teardown link I’ll
include in the description. Come hang out with me on Instagram and Twitter. And thanks
a ton for watching. I’ll see you around.